American Language Association Standards
K-12 English Language Arts Benchmarks Print as PDF
By the end of the 5-7 program:
- Formulate open-ended research questions suitable for inquiry and investigation and develop a plan for gathering information.
- Locate and summarize important information from multiple sources.
- Organize information in a systematic way.
- Acknowledge quoted and paraphrased information and document sources used.
- Communicate findings orally, visually and in writing or through multimedia.
Communication: Oral and Visual (C)
- Use effective listening strategies, summarize major ideas and draw logical inferences from presentations and visual media.
- Explain a speaker's point of view and use of persuasive techniques in presentations and visual media.
- Vary language choice and use effective presentation techniques including voice modulation and enunciation.
- Select an organizational structure appropriate to the topic, audience, setting and purpose.
- Present ideas in a logical sequence and use effective introductions and conclusions that guide and inform a listener's understanding of key ideas.
- Give presentations using a variety of delivery methods, visual materials and technology.
K-12 English Language Arts Benchmarks (Writing) Print as PDF
By the end of the 5-7 program:
Writing Processes (WP)
- Generate writing topics and establish a purpose appropriate for the audience.
- Determine audience and purpose for self-selected and assigned writing tasks.
- Clarify ideas for writing assignments by using graphics or other organizers.
- Use revision strategies to improve the overall organization, the clarity and consistency of ideas within and among paragraphs and the logic and effectiveness of word choices.
- Select more effective vocabulary when editing by using a variety of resources and reference materials.
- Edit to improve fluency, grammar and usage.
- Apply tools to judge the quality of writing.
- Prepare writing for publication that is legible, follows an appropriate format and uses techniques such as electronic resources and graphics.
Writing Applications (WA)
- Use narrative strategies (e.g., dialogue and action) to develop characters, plot and setting and to maintain a consistent point of view.
- Write responses to literature that extend beyond the summary and support judgments through references to the text.
- Produce letters (e.g., business, letters to the editor, job applications) that address audience needs, stated purpose and context in a clear and efficient manner.
- Produce informational essays or reports that convey a clear and accurate perspective and support the main ideas with facts, details, examples and explanations.
- Use persuasive strategies, including establishing a clear position in support of a proposition or a proposal with organized and relevant evidence.
Writing Conventions (WC)
- Use correct spelling conventions.
- Use conventions of punctuation and capitalization in written work.
- Use grammatical structures to effectively communicate ideas in writing.